Article Source: China’s National Business Daily 2013-11-14

NDB Reporters YUE Qi, JIANG Ran, from Chengdu & Guangzhou

Reading Guidance: Guizhou Province is expecting to fulfill the national mandate of transformation and updating in coal mining industry with the slightest “twinge”.  However, the consolidation process involves interests of several parties, and strategies have undergone alterations under policies changes…

Urging consolidation at the trough of the coal mining industry, Guizhou Province is expecting to fulfill the national mandate of transformation and updating with the slightest “twinge”.  However, the consolidation process involves interests of several parties, and policies changes for many times. One of the officials of Guizhou Energy Administration, who is in charge of coal mine consolidation, frankly admitted: “It (the consolidation) touches the soul (of the coal mining industry).”

After winter, more than 1700 coal mines in Guizhou province, the “Southwest Coal Sea”, have been forced to confront the last choice within the coming two months, with only 800 mines able to survive in 2013 during the oncoming battle. In the rounds and rounds of consolidation, the government propels, miners thrill and capitals stirred, leaving the coal mines in deep mountains the only places that stay in quietness.

Reporters from National Business Daily(NBD), before the turning point of Guizhou’s coal mine consolidation, conducted on-site investigations in many places of Guizhou, and interviewed stakeholders such as small mine owners, consolidators and external investors, in an attempt to provide the public a whole picture of the consolidation campaign.

The biggest concern for most coal mine owners are unquestionably the local security target which is even above the national standard, the harsh punishment for accidents and frequent security inspections. For them, security comes first because security is the passport for consolidation and consolidation is the only way for survival.

In the beginning of November, 15 security hazards of many long-established state-owned enterprises were ferreted out during the spot check conducted by the inspection group from State Administration of Coal Mine Safety. Shortly after this spot check, a vice governor of Guizhou Province initiated a meeting with executives of these state-owned enterprises, mandating them to thoroughly reverse the unfavorable situation concerning production security.

Under the high-handed policy of consolidation, many miners became extremely cautious and would rather cut or even halt the production than take the risk of continuing normal production, worrying that any security hazard during the production would end the life of their enterprises. According to the investigation by NBD reporters, among more than 30 mines in Hezhang County, Bijie City of Guizhou, only seven mines are equipped with relevant safety facilities and none with stable production. Some coal mines even halt its production under great pressure of the security. Many insiders concurred with reporters’ findings by admitting that many mines in Guizhou Province have cut or even halted their production since the elevation of consolidation target last year.

Repeatedly Lifted Consolidation Targets

Being the largest coal production base of South China and one of the main coal exporters, Guizhou Province boasts an estimated amount of 86.4 billion tons of coal that surpasses the whole amount of coal storage of 12 provinces (Cities and Autonomous Regions included), ranking the 5th in China, according to data released by Guizhou Energy Administration in 2010. Nevertheless, due to limitations in geographic locations, capitals, techniques and management, there are still many problems in Guizhou’s coal industry, such as low degree of industrial concentration and onefold industrial structure.

Guizhou started its coal mine consolidation and reconstruction in 2005. In the same year, 346 coal mines were shut down, followed by the closure of another 425 mines in the following two years. As shown in the 12th Five-Year Plan for Coal Industry, Guizhou Province endeavors to establish an extra large-scale coal enterprise with an annual production capacity of 50 million tons and two 30-million-tonn-level coal enterprises, with the total number of enterprises cut to 200 by 2015, the last year of the plan period.

In May 2011, Guizhou Energy Administration issued A Guidance Document on Advancing Coal Mines Consolidation, which further specified the measures for merger and reconstruction. This document, also called No.47 Document by industrial insiders, marked a new round of consolidation, stipulating that coal enterprises that acquire or regroup other smaller ones should shoulder the main responsibility for safety control at those to be merged or regrouped, and local governments at all levels should enhance its surveillance on the production security of the enterprises to be merged or regrouped.

As complained by one official: “More documents are coming and the standards are higher and higher”, Guizhou Province has lifted its consolidation target for many times. Another target lift in this July stipulated that the number of coal enterprises be slashed to 100 and the number of coal mines to 1000. In addition, each enterprise should have a minimum annual production capacity of 1.5 million tons.

This September, the provincial government issued another document to slash coal mines to about 800 from the present 1700 by June 2014, requiring the lowest designed production capacity for consolidated mines be 450,000 tons per year for coal and gas outburst mines and 300,000 tons for other mines.

Ten years ago, the coal mine closure standard of Guizhou Province was 30 thousand tons per year. This standard was raised to 60 thousand tons in 2010 and again to 90 thousand two years later. In the newest round of consolidation and reconstruction, coal mines with an annual production capacity of even 150 thousand are facing regrouping or closure.

The most prominent issue in coal exploitation of Guizhou lies in its prevalence of small-scale coal mines and week foundation of production safety. Fujing, Director of Guizhou Energy Administration once made an announcement on their strategy to cope with this situation: “We are planning to safeguard the production security by combining our technical and talent advantages, with support from more capitals, so as to greatly increase the designed production capacity per annum.”

Frequent mining accidents are thought to be the primary cause for consolidation. Data from Guizhou Statistical Communique showed that 58 accidents were reported in 2012, causing 117 deaths. Another 15 accidents occurred from January to August in 2013, with 76 more deaths. What is worth noticing is that this data has already halved the number of accidents of the same period last year.

With the lift of consolidation target, more pressure is being posed on these coal mines and enterprises. The qualified consolidators shoulder the main responsibility for safety control at those to be merged or regrouped. A singe calamity or index abnormality may lead to production halts at the group requiring it and even those nearby.

Provincial Governor Initiated Talks with Enterprise Directors

At the crucial period of coal mining consolidation when all qualified consolidators are at the point of submitting consolidating schemes and plans, two devastating coal mining accidents which took place in October 25 and November 2 respectively in Bijie City, Guizhou Province sounded an alarm for all coal enterprises in the Province. These two accidents that caused 8 deaths and 3 missing were regarded to exert baneful influence and caused tremendous loses.

After the two accidents, a municipal inspection conducted by Bijie City ferreted out 1455 security hazards and labile factors from the coal mines involved and 52 inspection groups were assigned to conduct dragnet inspections on all the 345 coal mines that are in normal operation. Coal mines with any illegalities or violations such as unauthorized or illegal production, huge security hazards and productions without relevant safety facilities will all be stipulated to halt its production or construction.

This accident, along with an on spot check by inspection group from State Administration of Coal Mine Safety, pushed Xiangshui Mine in the line of fire. This mine is subordinated to Pannan Coal Company under the name of Panjiang Group, a state-owned enterprise in Guizhou Province. 15 security hazards were ferreted out during this spot check, including failure to ascertain the major responsibility undertaker, extensive management of gas outburst mines and incapability in coping with accidents.

On November 8, Wang Jiangping, Vice Governor of Guizhou Province initiated a talk with Zhang shihe and Zhoubinjun, the director and the manager of Panjiang Group, stipulating them to solve the existing problems concerning security management by implementing all-round rectification measures, with high standards and rigorous requirements.

Most notably, based on preliminary investigations, the direct and main reason which caused the accident occurring on October 25 in Qianxi County, Bijie City was that Guizhou Xinyue Mining Co., Ltd (thereafter shorted as Guizhou Xinyue) failed to adopt any measures to safeguard production security after it acquired Xinyi Mine. This finding was announced on a conference convened by Guizhou provincial government on November 11, in which the causes and responsibilities of the foregoing two accidents were disclosed.

After months’ attempt, Guizhou Xinyue finally obtained the qualification for consolidating and regrouping other mines and enterprises. This August, it also purchased Guizhou Xinyi Mining Co., Ltd (thereafter shorted as Guizhou Xinyi) with 130 million yuan from a listed company called Liuhua Shares (600423.SH). The core asset of this company is Guizhou Xinyi.

After being acquired, Guizhou Xinyi has long been under construction and in the stage of obtaining production qualification, with the only source of revenue from self-operated business.

Since the acquirement of qualification in April, 2012, the 1# Mine of Guizhou Xinyi has long been in abnormal operation, with a low output of 99.7 thousand in the whole year. In the first half of 2013, greatly affected by geological disasters and coal mining accidents nearby, Guizhou Xinyi has experienced long period of idling and a low operating rate.

After an accident, Huangshui Ba Mine and Xinyi Mine were all ordered to halt its production and listed as the targets of consolidation and regrouping. In the meantime, local authorities initially launched accountability program. County-level responsible persons such as the head of Administration of Coal Mine Safety, a vice director of Administration of Industry, Economy, Trade and Energy, and a Deputy County Mayor were all suspended from their work.

Under the intensive governmental monitoring and stipulation, even state-own enterprise long-established as Panjiang Group can’t remain an exception. As a listed company, Liuhua Shares is deeply aware of the difficulties lying in coal mine operation. And the vicissitudes of Xinyi Mine also threw Guizhou Xinyue, its liability party, into purgatory.

Small-scale Mines halted its Production under Great Pressure

Influenced by the recent coal mine accidents, a dragnet security inspection is underway in Hezhang County, Bijie City of Guizhou Province, which is 7 hours’ drive away from Guiyang City. An enquiry on local authority by NBD reporters in October suggested that among 31 coal mines in this county, only 7 mines are still in operation and 13 mines have been called an abort to under policy-related consideration, among which most have an annual production capacity of 90 thousand or 150 thousand.

Reporters conducted an on-site investigation on Weishe Mine, one of the seven mines in operation. Although many mines can still be seen along the road towards Weishe Mine, many of them are hardly in operation. Local drivers told the reporter coal conveyors were barely seen along this road in recent years and that allowed the road remain in good condition.

Mr. Cai, who became the mine director of Weishe Mine in 2008 and began his work in the Group this September, told reporters that under the influence of policy, the project acceptance of Weishe Mine was not completed until this August, before which, the coal output was only 1000 tons per month, with a total number of only 20 thousand because for most time of the year the mine was in the state of idling.

Reporters also conducted an investigation on Luozhou Mine that the Group claimed to be still in operation. However, reporters failed to see any coal conveyor along the road to the Mine. Besides, after a landslide near the mine, an emergency road that is not accessible for large coal conveyors is the only passageway to the Mine. The factory seems very quiet and machines are idled.

Mr. Qing, Head of Logistics Department of Luozhou Mine told reporters Luozhou Mine was called to stop its production by the enterprise in September and most workers have left the mine. But Mr. Qing didn’t have any knowledge about the specific reason for production halt.

One of the industry insiders from Hezhang County expressed his worry towards the situation that many coal mines that are equipped with relevant safety facilities have no choice but to halt its production under the great pressure of repeatedly lifted security targets. As a matter of fact, according to this insider, in terms of security targets such as methane intensity, the Chinese national standards are much higher than Western Countries’ and standards in Guizhou Province, which are already higher than the national ones, are dwarfed by the municipal targets.

Ren Haoning, Energy researcher in CI Consulting confirmed the foregoing statement during an interview with NBD reporters by saying according to previous investigations, the coal mining safety targets of China are indeed much higher than those in U.S and European countries.

Given the fact that there are dozens of safety targets in coal mining and that all these indications are under real-time county and municipal monitoring, there is a low possibility for accidents to take place. Moreover, at this crucial period, any exceeding of standards or even a little mishap may bring big troubles for the whole enterprise.

According to Guizhou Statistical Communique published by Guizhou Statistical Bureau, Guizhou Province saw a 5.4% rise of its raw coal output to 13.0334 million tons in 2011 and experienced another 26.2% rise in the year followed, amounting to 18.10705 million tons in total. However, its raw coal output was no longer recorded in 2013’s Statistical Communique.

Some experts pointed out that many small-scale mines, being the target for this round of consolidation, were shut shown even before being regrouped or consolidated. Intensive consolidation slashed considerable amount of accidents, but also the production.

“The adverse impact of coal mine consolidation on regional economy does exist.” admitted Hushiyan, vice director of Guizhou Energy Administration, “however, under such specific condition, where the whole industry is at trough, the influence can be neglected. As long as the market is sound and price reasonable, current production capacity is able to ensure the stability of economic growth.”

Article Source: China’s National Business Daily

The original article found on National Business Daily’s website is shown below.

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贵州煤矿整合标准“四级跳”:矿主宁可停产也不“撞枪口”

http://www.nbd.com.cn 2013-11-14 00:50

核心提示: 贵州期待用最轻的阵痛完成煤炭产业转型升级的国家任务,政策几度更替,对策也层出不穷。

每经记者 岳琦成都、贵阳、毕节摄影报道

在行业低谷期力推煤炭整合,贵州期待用最轻的阵痛完成转型升级的国家任务,但整合之路涉及多方利益,政策几度更替,对策也层出不穷。贵州省能源局主管煤炭整合的官员毫不避讳地说,“这是触及灵魂的事。”

入冬以后,“西南煤海”贵州的1700多座煤矿将在未æ¥2个月里é¢ä¸´æœ€åŽçš„抉择,能够顺利走过2013年的煤矿,将只有800多家。在一轮又一轮热闹的煤炭整合生态中,政府主动,矿主激动,资本悸动,唯独深山里的煤矿略显平é™ã€‚

在贵州煤炭整合的关键节点æ¥ä¸´ä¹‹æ—¶ï¼Œã€Šæ¯æ—¥ç»æµŽæ–°é—»ã€‹è®°è€…实地探访贵州多地,采访小煤矿主、整合主体企业、外æ¥æŠ•èµ„者及各级政府部门等多个利益相关方,试图还原贵州的煤炭整合生态。

高于国家标准的安全指标,严苛的事故惩罚机制,频繁的安全生产稽查,这些都是煤矿主最头痛的事情。在贵州,自2011年新一轮煤炭整合开始以后,安全了才能整合,整合了才能生存,“安全第一”对很多煤矿主æ¥è¯´å¦‚此重要,这也成为贵州煤炭整合的生态之一。

11月åˆï¼Œå›½å®¶ç…¤çŸ¿å®‰å…¨ç›‘察局检查组突击贵州,老牌国企煤矿在重大事故过后仍存在的15项安全生产隐患被一一拎出。随即,贵州省一位副省长专门约谈企业高层并要求彻底扭转企业安全生产工作被动局é¢ã€‚

安全生产牵动政府心弦,在煤炭整合的高压政策之下,更多矿主宁愿让矿山é™æ‚„悄,也不愿在这个关键节点上 “撞枪口”。《每日经济新闻》记者实地采访获悉,贵州毕节市赫章县的30多个煤矿里,有生产æ¡ä»¶çš„只有7家,而且也是断断续续出煤,甚至有煤矿迫于安全压力不敢生产。多位业内人士亦称,自去年整合深入以æ¥ï¼Œè´µå·žå¾ˆå¤šåœ°åŒºç…¤çŸ¿é™äº§ã€åœäº§ã€‚

越æ¥è¶Šé«˜çš„整合标准/

贵州是我国南方最大的产煤省区,也是煤炭输出主要省份之一。根据贵州省能源局2010年发布的数据,其煤矿预测储量约有864亿吨,居全国第5位,超过南方12省(区、市)煤炭资源储量的总和。但由于地形、资金、技术和管理等多方é¢çš„限制,贵州省煤炭产业存在产业集中度不高、结构比较单一等问题。

贵州从2005年开始进行煤炭整合。当年贵州关闭了346家煤矿,在接下æ¥çš„两年里,又连续关闭了425家煤矿。2011å¹´1月,贵州省发布的煤炭产业“十二五”发展规划显示,贵州力争在“十二五”末建成1个年产5000万吨、2个年产3000万吨大型煤炭企业集团,煤炭企业集团控制在200个以内。

随后的2011å¹´5月,贵州省能源局下发《关于加快推进煤矿企业兼并重组工作的指导意见》(黔府办发[2011]47号),进一步细化了兼并重组的具体措施。这个被业内称为新一轮整合开启标志的 “47号文”,首次明确了兼并重组主体企业要担负起被兼并煤矿企业的安全生产主体责任,而地方各级政府要加强对被兼并重组企业的安全生产监管。

正如一位基层煤炭官员的抱怨,“上é¢çš„文件æ¥å¾—越æ¥è¶Šå¿«ï¼Œè¦æ±‚越æ¥è¶Šé«˜ã€‚”贵州省兼并重组的目标几度升级。今年7月,贵州省发文要求,到“十二五”期末,贵州煤企将调整到100家、矿井1000处左右,并且单个煤企年产能力不低于150万吨,整合标准再升一级。

今年9月,贵州再次发文,要求力争到2014年上半年完成兼并重组任务,全省煤矿减少到800处左右。通过兼并重组,全省煤与瓦斯突出矿井设计规模不低于45万吨/年,其余矿井设计规模原则上不低于30万吨/年。而目前贵州有煤矿近1700座。

贵州煤矿的关闭标准从10年前的年产3万吨,到2010年末的年产6万吨煤矿,再到2012年前关闭大部分年产9万吨煤矿,而新一轮整合之下,年产15万吨煤矿也将é¢ä¸´å‡çº§æˆ–关闭。

贵州小煤矿多,煤矿安全生产基础薄弱,是贵州煤炭资源开采中的突出问题。加强煤矿在资金、技术、人才上的整合,大幅提高煤矿的年设计生产能力,是贵州煤矿实现安全生产的ä¿éšœï¼Œè´µå·žçœèƒ½æºå±€å±€é•¿ä»˜äº¬æ›¾å‘媒体表示。

煤矿整合的一个重要原因是煤矿安全事故频发。贵州省统计局统计公报显示,2012年全年,贵州省煤矿生产安全事故58起,死亡人数117人。2013年1~8月,贵州省煤矿生产安全事故15起,死亡人数76人,相比去年同期事故数量已减少超过一半。

随ç€æ•´åˆæ ‡å‡†çš„提高,煤矿é¢ä¸´çš„安全生产压力也越æ¥è¶Šå¤§ï¼Œè€Œä»Šå¹´åˆåˆšåˆšç¡®å®šçš„兼并重组主体资格企业,则承担ç€é‡ç»„中旗下煤矿的安全责任。在一轮轮的安全检查和验收中,一旦旗下煤矿出现指标异常或生产事故,往往牵连整个集团,甚至周边地区煤矿。

省长约谈董事长/

今年秋冬之际,“爽爽的贵州”走进煤炭整合的关键时刻,各个主体集团的整合方案即将申报审核。就在此时,毕节市却连续发生“10·25”å’Œ“11·2”两起较大的煤矿事故,造成8名矿工死亡,3人下落不明。这被贵州省领导视为“影响恶劣、损失巨大”。

随后毕节市梳理排查安全隐患、不稳定因素等共1455æ¡ï¼Œå¹¶æ´¾å‡º52个工作组开展检查、排除工作。毕节市将对345个正常生产(建设)矿井逐个检查,逐级审查确认,严格分类监管,加强重点监管。毕节市要求,存在éžæ³•è¿æ³•ç”Ÿäº§å»ºè®¾è¡Œä¸ºåŠå…¶ä»–重大安全隐患,不具备安全生产æ¡ä»¶ç­‰çš„ä¹ç§ç…¤çŸ¿ä¸€å¾‹åœäº§(停建)整顿。

事故发生之后,国家煤矿安全监察局检查组不期而至,贵州国企盘江集团盘南煤炭开发公司旗下的响水煤矿撞在“枪口”上。主体责任不落实、瓦斯管理粗放、防突措施不到位等15项安全生产隐患在突击检查中被发现。

11月8日,贵州省政府召开煤矿安全生产约谈会,该省副省长王江平会同有关部门约谈盘江集团董事长张仕和、总经理周炳军及有关负责人,并要求盘江集团立即针对安全管理存在的突出问题开展全方位整改工作,高标准、严要求落实责任。

值得注意的是,11月11日,贵州省政府召开煤矿事故说明会议,对此前两起煤矿事故发生的原因、责任等进行说明。据åˆæ­¥è°ƒæŸ¥ï¼Œ“10·25”毕节市黔西县新益煤矿顶æ¿äº‹æ•…的直接原因,是贵州鑫悦煤炭有限公司(以下简称贵州鑫悦)收购新益煤矿后,未落实安全生产管理措施。

经过数月努力,贵州鑫悦才取得兼并重组主体资格,并在今年8月耗资逾1.3亿元从上市公司柳化股份(600423.SH)手中购得贵州新益矿业有限公司(以下简称新益矿业),该公司核心资产即为新益煤矿。

收购以æ¥ï¼Œæ–°ç›ŠçŸ¿ä¸šä¸€ç›´å¤„于煤矿建设及生产取证阶段,仅é è‡ªè¥ç…¤ç‚­ä¸šåŠ¡å®žçŽ°è¥ä¸šæ”¶å…¥ã€‚柳化股份公告显示,2012å¹´4月,新益煤矿1#矿井具备开采æ¡ä»¶åŽï¼Œç”Ÿäº§ä¸€ç›´ä¸æ­£å¸¸ï¼Œäº§èƒ½å‘挥不理想,全年生产原煤仅9.97万吨。2013年上半年,受地质灾害、周边煤矿事故等因素影响,煤矿停产时间长,开工率较低。

在一场事故后,黄水å煤矿和新益煤矿被立即责令停产,并列为被兼并重组对象。同时,当地党委、政府立即启动问责程序,对相关责任人进行问责。煤矿所在地县分管副县长、工能局分管副局长、县煤安局局长等被停职检查。

在政府高压监管之下,当地老牌国企盘江集团也不能“豁免”。作为上市公司的柳化股份深知煤矿运营之难,而新益煤矿命运多舛,让责任主体贵州鑫悦也备受煎熬。

安全压力下小煤矿停产/

在è·ç¦»è´µé˜³7小时车程的贵州毕节市赫章县,受最近的煤矿事故影响,“一次拉网式的安全生产大检查”再次展开。而据《每日经济新闻》记者10月份在当地主管部门获悉,该县31座煤矿,生产煤矿只有7座,政策性停建煤矿13座,其中大多为年产9万吨或15万吨煤矿。

记者实地走访7座生产煤矿之一的威奢煤矿,在通往威奢煤矿的路途中,不时能够在路边看到煤矿,但已经难见生产的迹象,当地司机也表示,近年æ¥ï¼Œè¯¥å¤„道路已经很少见到运煤车辆,所以路况才会好起æ¥ã€‚

2008年开始在威奢煤矿任矿长,今年9月进入集团公司工作的蔡矿长表示,威奢煤矿受政策影响,直到今年8月才全部验收结æŸï¼Œæ­¤å‰æ¯æœˆä»…出工程煤1000多吨,而一年也采不了几个月,累计仅产工程煤约2万吨。

此外,记者还走访了集团公司声称仍在生产的罗州煤矿,通往煤矿的道路同样鲜见运煤车辆经过,而且临近煤矿的一段道路为塌方后便道,大型运煤车辆很难通过。罗州煤矿厂区则显得十分平é™ï¼ŒçŸ¿å±±æœºæ¢°äº¦å¤„于停摆状态。

罗州煤矿后勤部门办公室主任é’先生告诉记者,从9月份开始,集团公司就通知罗州煤矿停产,大部分煤矿工作人员已离开煤矿。至于停产的具体原因,é’先生表示并不知情。

对于煤矿具备生产æ¡ä»¶è€Œä¸ç”Ÿäº§çš„情况,赫章县一位煤炭业内人士担忧地表示,煤矿是迫于安全考虑不敢生产,该业内人士说,就煤矿瓦斯浓度等安全标准æ¥è¯´ï¼Œä¸­å›½çš„国家标准要比欧美还高,而贵州省要求的标准又比国家的高,到了市里标准又提高一级。

中投顾问能源行业研究员任浩宁在接受《每日经济新闻》记者采访时也表示,相关机构曾做过调研,中国的煤矿安全生产指标确实比欧美国家高。

煤矿的安全指标有几十项,而且都是市县实时监控,别说发生事故,就是指标超标一点,就要惹æ¥éº»çƒ¦ï¼Œä¸Šè¿°ä¸šå†…人士表示,在煤矿整合的节点上,出一点差错都将影响整个集团公司。

贵州省统计局统计公报显示,2011年,贵州省原煤产量13033.4万吨,增长5.4%。2012年原煤产量为18107.05万吨,增长26.2%,但随后2013年的统计月报不再列示原煤产量。

有分析人士指出,从市场了解情况看,待整合的很多小煤矿都关停了。贵州数千家小煤矿是此轮整合的重点,高压整合虽然压少了安全事故,但也压低了产量。

煤矿整合对地区经济的影响,贵州省能源局副局长胡世延表示,这些方é¢æ”¿åºœéƒ½æœ‰è€ƒè™‘,说一点不影响也不可能,但和现在煤炭行业低迷的情况相比,兼并重组的影响甚至可以忽略不计。只要有好的市场和合理的价格空间,现有产能能够ä¿è¯å›½æ°‘经济发展。

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