GEO Investing


  • Today’s report, the first in our new “In the Public Interest” series, begins to unveil the evidence supporting our 9/19/2013 LLEN report that we privately shared with regulators last Fall.
  • In this part, “Canaries in the Coalmines,” we show, through recorded interviews of mine employees and managers, LLEN fabricated the production of coal from its LuoZhou and LaShu mines.
  • The circumstances leading to the indictment and arrest of CEO Dickson Lee barely scratch the surface of LLEN’s massive fraud.

Our new series of reports will likely be the closest investors will ever come to knowing the truth about L&L Energy (LLEN).

In today’s report, Part One, GeoInvesting begins publication of the extensive evidence supporting our September 19, 2013 report focusing first on the LuoZhou and LaShu coalmines. The public has never seen this evidence. We shared the evidence with the SEC and NASDAQ over six months ago in order to give the securities regulators time to conduct their own investigations. The evidence not only supports our finding that LLEN has misrepresented its ownership in the LuoZhou and LaShu mines, but also proves that LLEN fabricated the production from these two mines to inflate its financials.

In addition to meeting NASDAQ and SEC investigators, we also met with and shared this evidence with Mr. Mark Bartlett, the former independent legal counsel of the Special Independent Committee (“SIC”) for LLEN. Mr. Bartlett is a partner at Davis Wright Tremaine LLP, an international law firm headquartered in Seattle, WA. He assists businesses and individuals facing criminal and civil government enforcement proceedings and investigations, focusing on criminal defense, internal investigations, federal antitrust, heath care, and False Claims Act actions.

On March 17, 2014 just prior to filing its most recent 10Q, LLEN’s SIC suddenly and for no apparent reason replaced Mr. Bartlett just six months into his investigation and appointed Mr. Nicholas Chen, managing partner at Pamir Law Group, a small Taiwanese firm with seemingly no obvious experience in conducting such investigations.

This abrupt and inexplicable move follows on the heels of the resignation of the former head of LLEN’s SIC, Independent Director Mr. Mohan Datwani. Mr. Datwani was replaced with Jingcai Yang, a China-based Independent Director of LLEN.

While Mr. Bartlett did not comment on the circumstances of his dismissal, Mr. Datwani wrote that the reasons for his resignation were:

  1. LLEN had not kept him fully informed “…as to the degree and extent of ongoing government regulatory investigations…” and
  2. LLEN “… did not provide adequate financial support to complete the Committee’s work…”

Considering the severity of Mr. Datwani’s concerns, one can imagine that he would hardly be surprised by the arrest of Dickson Lee and the replacement of Mr. Bartlett.

So for those keeping score here:

Two highly respected gatekeepers in charge of protecting U.S. investors from the actions of Dickson Lee have been replaced by two China/Taiwan-based gatekeepers who have little or no ultimate accountability to U.S. shareholders and regulators.


In October of 2013, GeoInvesting met NASDAQ OMX Group to provide very conclusive evidence of a massive investment fraud being conducted by LLEN. We made it clear to NASDAQ that we would not publish our evidence until NASDAQ could complete its own investigation to verify our findings. Six months have passed, giving NASDAQ ample time to conduct its investigation. While we have no insight into the current status of NASDAQ’s prolonged investigation, we decided that in the public’s interest we would begin publishing our evidence in parts, beginning with LLEN’s LuoZhou and LaShu coalmine misrepresentations.

Aside from interruptions, LLEN claims its LuoZhou and LaShu coalmines have been producing at or near full capacity since late 2012. In fact, in LLEN’s fiscal Q4 2013 conference call held on July 31, 2013, VP Clayton Fong claimed that the LuoZhou and LaShu mines

…were able to ramp up their production ahead of our internal scheduling, adding 167,000 tons to the company’s mining segment in just a little over five months…

Unfortunately for investors, LLEN’s production claims for these two mines are just another fabrication by Dickson Lee as evidenced by our discussions with mine employees and managers.

Through our interviews of employees and managers of the Luozhou and Lashu mines, we learned that neither of the mines had commenced commercial coal production as LLEN claimed in its public filings and conference calls. The LuoZhou mine was not scheduled to commence production until at least December 2013. The LaShu mine was scheduled to commence production in August 2013. The findings from our multiple on-site recorded interviews are further supported by information in a local PRC newspaper article published after our original report.

LLEN’s claim in its most recent 10Q that the LuoZhou mine was shut down from November 6, 2013 to March 2014 “…due to a geological fault found beneath the mine shaft” in reality only further extended the date that the mine is scheduled to finally commence commercial production. This convenient “shutdown” of a mine that was never open in the first place, occurring during the period of time when Mr. Bartlett was still in charge of the independent investigation, is simply in our view another obvious attempt by Dickson Lee to hide the truth.

The bottom line is that the interviews we share today conclusively show that LLEN simply fabricated the hundreds of thousands of tons of coal reportedly produced by the LuoZhou and LaShu mines following their purported 2012 acquisition.

LuoZhou Mine Investigation Interviews Expose the Truth

If anyone wants to determine whether a coalmine is producing, undoubtedly the easiest way is to simply try to buy some coal. Our investigators visited the LuoZhou mine in June 2013, asking basic questions about the mine’s production activity and then posing as buyers from a local paper mill seeking coal for its boilers. Both the employees and the general manager on site at the LuoZhou mine unequivocally informed us that coal sales were impossible, because the LuoZhou mine would not commence commercial production until the end of 2013, citing various reasons for the delay.

Below we present links to our video-recorded interviews (along with detailed transcripts) of the employees and General Manager. Beneath the links are summaries of the key points of the interviews (as well as identification of any inconsistencies in the responses):

June 8, 2013

LuoZhou Mine Employee (See video; See transcript)

  • Union Energy owns the LuoZhou Mine
  • LuoZhou Mine is still tunneling, has not officially commenced production, and has not yet been inspected and accepted.

June 18, 2013

LuoZhou Mine Employee (See video; See transcript)

  • Neither LuoZhou nor LaShu Mine have started production
  • LuoZhou Mine is awaiting regulatory approval
  • Nearly all LuoZhou Mine workers were moved to rush work at LaShu Mine
  • Union Energy owns LuoZhou, LaShu, and Weishe mines
  • LuoZhou production could begin in July (2013) [contradicted by the Mine Manager who claimed that while LuoZhou production had been scheduled to commence in August (2013) that it would not be able to begin production until year-end]
  • LuoZhou Mine used to occasionally produce a little coal, but has not produced any coal in about one month
  • LaShu Mine has not finished its regulatory approval process
  • LaShu Mine will start production before LuoZhou Mine

June 18, 2013

LuoZhou Mine General Manager (See video; See transcript)

  • LuoZhou Mine only has development coal samples
  • LLEN is a shareholder/joint owner/partner in Union Energy’s Weishe Mine
  • LLEN controls Weishe Mine
  • LuoZhou Mine is totally owned by Union Energy
  • LuoZhou Mine will probably not start production until year end (2013)
  • LuoZhou Mine has been doing exploration work recently
  • Most of LuoZhou’s workers are at LaShu to rush the work there
  • The road to the LuoZhou mine collapsed making the investigators have to walk to the mine
  • LuoZhou Mine produced only development coal in the first half of 2013
  • Development coal samples will not reflect the true quality of the coal LuoZhou can potentially produce in the future
  • Development coal is not even being produced at the time of the interview
  • The production situation at Weishe Mine is similar to LuoZhou Mine, but Weishe Mine may start production sooner. [Contradicted by the LaShu Mine manager, who claimed the Weishe Mine had commenced production in the second half of 2012]
  • LuoZhou and LaShu mines have no cooperation with LLEN
  • LaShu Mine will start production sooner than LuoZhou Mine
  • LaShu Mine needs more tunneling work and may end up producing a little
  • Prior to officially starting production, LuoZhou Mine is estimated to possibly have several hundred tons of production each month. LaShu should produce some too
  • Union Energy had planned to commence production at the LuoZhou Mine in August (2013)
  • Production was delayed due to geological reasons that Union Energy is working to resolve and doing coal exploration work and tunneling work. [Note LLEN’s most recent 10Q disclosure regarding a geological fault delaying production at the LuoZhou mine until March 2014]
  • LuoZhou Mine only just recently obtained its 150,000-ton annual production permit that it started applying for at the end of 2012

On November 14, 2013, a local newspaper in China, National Business Daily, also confirmed that LuoZhou Mine did not have any substantial production activities as follows:

Reporters also conducted an investigation on LuoZhou Mine that the Group claimed to be still in operation. However, reporters failed to see any coal conveyors [trucks] along the road to the Mine. Besides, after a landslide near the mine, an emergency road that is not accessible for large coal conveyors is the only passageway to the Mine. The factory seems very quiet and machines are idled.

Mr. Qing, Head of Logistics Department of LuoZhou Mine told reporters LuoZhou Mine was called to stop its production by the enterprise in September and most workers have left the mine. But Mr. Qing didn’t have any knowledge about the specific reason for production halt. (See entire article)

LaShu Mine Investigation Interviews Further Expose the Truth

Just as we had done with the LouZhou mine, on June 20, 2013, investigators visited the LaShu mine, once again pretending to be interested in buying coal. They interviewed employees and a manager, who explained that the LaShu mine was currently only producing development coal and was scheduled to commence commercial production in August (2013).

Below we present links to our video-recorded interviews (along with detailed transcripts) of the employees and manager. Beneath the links are summaries of the key points of the responses:

June 20, 2013

LaShu Mine Employees and Manager (See video; See transcript)

  • The LaShu Mine is currently producing development coal and has not yet started official production
  • The Weishe Mine is producing and LuoZhou Mine has some production
  • The LaShu Mine should start normal production in August (2013)
  • The Weishe Mine finished getting approvals last year and has been producing for several months.
  • The volume of development coal produced by the LaShu Mine is not big
  • The LuoZhou Mine should have stopped production and has been idled for more than a month
  • About 100 workers were transferred from LuoZhou to rush the work at LaShu.
  • LaShu, LuoZhou, and WeiShe are all owned by Union Energy
  • LLEN is a shareholder in Union Energy Group
  • Union Energy controls all the sales process and signs all the sales contracts
  • LLEN has no equity at the mines level. It is invested in Union Energy but not in the mines
  • Union Energy has 90% equity in LaShu Mine. The remaining 10% is still owned by the original shareholders
  • LLEN has not right to sell coal. It is useless to sign a sales contract with LLEN.
  • All the operations are directly managed by Union Energy
  • Weishe Mine started production in the second half of last year

The few remaining Dickson Lee supporters who believe that these LuoZhou and LaShu mine managers are “confused” or somehow did not receive LLEN’s 95% ownership change memo should carefully consider Clayton Fong’s comments on the fiscal 2014 year-end conference call in which he claimed there was an extremely smooth integration of the mine management since LLEN had actually assigned staff to each mine a few months prior to the closing of each acquisition.

Any investigator (NASDAQ, SEC, or Mark Bartlett) who took the time to approach the mine employees as we did, posing as potential buyers of coal, would certainly obtain these same results, which conclusively show that neither the LouZhou nor LaShu mines had yet commenced commercial production of coal in June 2013. The mine managers have no reason to lie to a potential customer, nor is there any reasonable excuse for them to be unaware of LLEN’s ownership of the mines 8 months after the “acquisition” and supposed integration that Clayton Fong described on the conference call.

LLEN’s reported ownership and production from the LuoZhou and LaShu mines is thus completely fabricated in our view.

Given recent events, including the resignation of Independent Director Mohan Datwani (the former head of the SIC), the termination of Mark Bartlett (the legal counsel in charge of the independent investigation) without publication of his findings, and the criminal indictment of CEO Dickson Lee, we believe the publication of our evidence is likely the closest investors will ever come to learning the truth about LLEN.

Indictment and arrest of CEO Dickson Lee barely scratches the surface of LLEN’s massive fraud

In light of the evidence we have already presented concerning LLEN and its CEO, Dickson Lee, it should come as no surprise to investors that being loose and expedient with the facts is not new to Lee and the company when making required filings with the SEC and NASDAQ. On March 27, 2014, two actions were brought against Lee. First, the Securities and Exchange Commission announced fraud charges against LLEN and its founder for making false disclosures about who was running the company in its 2008 annual report and continued to make false claims in its quarterly filings in 2009. According to the SEC complaint, the disclosures in question “…created the false appearance that the company had a professional management team in place when in reality Dickson Lee was single-handedly controlling the company’s operations.” Further, Lee and LLEN also “…allegedly misled NASDAQ to become listed on the exchange by falsely maintaining they had accurately made all of their required Sarbanes-Oxley certifications.” The following is from the SEC’s action:

This action arises out of a fraudulent scheme by L&L Energy and Dickson Lee to create the appearance that L&L was run by a professional management team and conceal Lee’s single-handed control of the company. L&L Energy is a Seattle-headquartered coal company with all of its operations in China and Taiwan. At all relevant times, it was led by Dickson Lee, its current Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer. From approximately August 2008 to June 2009, L&L and Lee repeatedly and fraudulently misrepresented to the public that it had certain persons serving in critical executive management roles at the company when, in reality, those persons served in no such roles.”

In a parallel action, a criminal indictment against Lee was unsealed in federal court in Seattle alleging Lee and L&L Energy “…deceived the public by falsely representing that the company had a CFO, which is a critical gatekeeper in the management of public companies.” Mr. Lee was arrested by Federal prosecutors in Seattle on March 16, 2014 and denied bail after the court agreed with prosecutors that Lee was a “flight risk.” Lee’s trial is scheduled for June 2, 2014 in Seattle.

NASDAQ’s unnecessarily prolonged trading halt has deprived investors of the right to decide what is best for them with regard to their current investment in LLEN. NASDAQ’s delay makes little sense given the charges that LLEN mislead NASDAQ in its listing application, according to paragraph 33 of the criminal indictment of Dickson Lee:

Finally, in September 2009, Dickson Lee and L&L submitted an application for listing on the NASDAQ. As part of the application process, NASDAQ requested that the company confirm historical compliance with SEC filing regulations. Dickson Lee knowingly and falsely represented to the NASDAQ that L&L had complied, even though he knew that all the prior submissions that were filed in the name of N.L. were fraudulent and not in compliance with filing requirements. After deceiving the NASDAQ, in February 2010, L&L successfully debuted on the NASDAQ exchange.

The alleged misrepresentations made by Lee and LLEN in 2008 and 2009 trumping up a full management team when, in fact Lee was a one-man show served as a prelude for what would follow once the company started acquiring coalmines and reporting operating results to investors. If he would lie to the SEC and NASDAQ about L&L’s management team when taking the company public then it’s not a leap of faith to conclude that the information that followed in the past five years was also false to a material extent. We believe our work and on-the-ground due diligence clearly demonstrates that. The actions of the SEC and Federal prosecutors have only touched the tip of the iceberg.